Normalisation of Life

MD/Doctoring my doctor's document





1. turn thumbs down on

Fig. to reject someone or something; to grow to reject someone or something. The boss turned thumbs down on Tom. They would have to find someone else. The minute I saw it, I turned thumbs down.


2. animation

energy and enthusiasm in the way you look, behave or speakHis face was drained of all colour and animation.She talked about her new job with great animation.


3. liaison

liaison (between A and B) a relationship between two organizations or different departments in an organization, involving the exchange of information or ideasOur role is to ensure liaison between schools and parents.We work in close liaison with the police.


4. thwart

to prevent somebody from doing what they want to dosynonym frustratethwart something to thwart somebody’s plansthwart somebody (in something) She was thwarted in her attempt to take control of the party.


5. pull up stakes

pull up stakes(North American English)(British English up sticks)

to suddenly move from your house and go to live somewhere else


6. for the birds

be (strictly) for the birds

(AmE, informal) to not be important or practical


7. stink

1. [intransitive] stink (of something) to have a strong, unpleasant smell

synonym reek

Her breath stank of garlic.

It stinks of smoke in here.

2. [intransitive] stink (of something) to seem very bad, unpleasant or dishonest

The whole business stank of corruption.

‘What do you think of the idea?’ ‘I think it stinks.’



[intransitive, transitive] to touch the side of your head with the fingers of your right hand to show respect, especially in the armed forcesThe sergeant stood to attention and saluted.salute somebody/something to salute the flag/an officerHe saluted Pippa with a graceful bend of his head.


9. serve

transitive] serve something to spend a period of time in prisonprisoners serving life sentencesShe is serving two years for theft.He has served time (= been to prison) before.


10. run-down

tired or slightly ill/sick, especially from working hardto be run-downShe got very run-down working such long hours.


11. go on the block

go on the block

to be sold, especially at an auction (= a sale in which items are sold to the person who offers the most money)


12. stagger

to walk with weak unsteady steps, as if you are about to fallsynonym totter(+ adv./prep.) The injured woman staggered to her feet.He staggered home, drunk.We seem to stagger from one crisis to the next.(figurative) The company is staggering under the weight of a £10m debt.stagger something I managed to stagger the last few steps.


13. bait

food put on a hook to catch fish or in nets, traps, etc. to catch animals or birds

Live worms are used as bait.The fish took the bait.


14. probe

1. to ask questions in order to find out secret or hidden information about somebody/somethingsynonym investigateprobe (into something) He didn't like the media probing into his past.probe something a TV programme that probed government scandals in the 1990s

2. probe something to touch, examine or look for something, especially with a long thin instrumentThe doctor probed the wound for signs of infection.


15. up one's sleeve


up (one's) sleeve
Hidden but ready to be used: I still have a few tricks up my sleeve.
16. autonomous
(of a country, a region or an organization) able to govern itself or control its own affairssynonym independentan autonomous republic/state/provincea federation of autonomous groups
17. confederation
an organization consisting of countries, businesses, etc. that have joined together in order to help each otherthe Confederation of British Industry
18. alive
alive (with something) full of emotion, excitement, activity, etc.Ed was alive with happiness.Her eyes were alive with interest.
19. denounce
to strongly criticize somebody/something that you think is wrong, illegal, etc.denounce somebody/something She publicly denounced the government's handling of the crisis.denounce somebody/something as something The project was denounced as a scandalous waste of public money.
20. water down

water somethingdown

1. to make a liquid weaker by adding water

synonym dilute

2. [usually passive] to change a speech, a piece of writing, etc. in order to make it less strong or offensive


21. mold

[transitive] to strongly influence the way somebody’s character, opinions, etc. developmold somebody/something The experience had molded and coloured her whole life.mold somebody/something into somebody/something He molded them into a superb team.


22. level off

1. to stop rising or falling and remain horizontal

The plane levelled off at 1 500 feet.

After the long hill, the road levelled out.

2. to stay at a steady level of development or progress after a period of sharp rises or fall

Sales have levelled off after a period of rapid growth.