Normalisation of Life

MD/Doctoring my doctor's document






1. hit the road/trail

(informal) to start a journey/trip

We have to hit the road very earlyin the morning.

2. play up to sb

to try to make someone like you and treat you well by behaving in a way you think will please them:Julia knows how to play up to the supervisors - she can always get time off work when she wants it.

3. stuck-up

thinking that you are more important than other people and behaving in an unfriendly way towards themsynonym snobbish

4. toe the line

to say or do what somebody in authority tells you to say or do, even if you do not share the same opinions, etc.One or two of them refused to toe the toe the party line

5. make no bones about

make no bones about (doing) something

(informal) to be honest and open about something; to not hesitate to do somethingShe made no bones about telling him exactly what she thought of him.

6. round up

ˌround ˈup somebody


ˌround ˈup something


ˌround somebody ˈup


ˌround something ˈup


  • to find and gather together people, animals or thingsI rounded up a few friends for a party.The cattle are rounded up in the evenings.



7. stand pat

stand ˈpat

(especially North American English) to refuse to change your mind about a decision you have made or an opinion you have


8. under the counter

goods that are bought or sold under the counter are sold secretly and sometimes illegallyPornography may be legally banned but it is still available under the counter.


9. put in your two cents' worth

(British English put in your two ˈpennyworth, put in your two ˈpenn’orth)

(informal) to give your opinion about something, even if other people do not want to hear it


10. perk up

perk ˈup


ˌperk somebodyˈup

(informal) to become or to make somebody become more cheerful or lively, especially after they have been ill/sick or sadsynonym brightenHe soon perked up when his friends arrived.


11. run-of-the-mill

ordinary, with no special or interesting features

a run-of-the-mill jobThese should be run-of-the-mill problems to the experienced manager.


12. out of one's elements

in a situation that you are not used to and that makes you feel uncomfortableI feel out of my element talking about politics.


13. in the bag

(informal) if something is in the bag, it is almost certain to be won or achieved


14. go (and) jump in the lake

a rude way of telling someone to go away and stop annoying you:He just wouldn't leave me alone, so finally I told him to go jump in the lake.

15. brown-bag

brown-bag it (North American English, informal) to bring your lunch with you to work or school, usually in a brown paper bagMy kids have been brown-bagging it this week.


16. fall over backwards (to do something)

 and bend over backwards (to do something); lean over backwards (to dosomething)

Fig. to do everything possible to please someone. The taxi driver fell over backwards to be helpful. The teacher bent over backwards to help the students understand. You don't have to lean over backwards to get me to help. Just ask.

17. sell off

sell somethingˈoff


  •  to sell things cheaply because you want to get rid of them or because you need the money



18. foot the bill

(informal) to be responsible for paying the cost of somethingOnce again it will be the taxpayer who has to foot the bill.Who will be footing the bill for the party?


19. not budge an inche

not budge/give/move an ˈinch

to refuse to change your position, decision, etc. even a littleWe tried to negotiate a lower price but they wouldn't budge an inch.

20. lay

adjective not having expert knowledge or professional qualifications in a particular subjectHis book explains the theory for the lay public.

21. manoeuvre


  • 1. [countable] a movement performed with care and skilla complicated/skilful manoeuvreYou will be asked to perform some standard manoeuvres during your driving test.
  • 2. [countable, uncountable] a clever plan, action or movement that is used to give somebody an advantagesynonym movediplomatic manoeuvresa complex manoeuvre in a game of chessThe amendment was somehow introduced by political manoeuvre.

22. appropriation

[uncountable, singular] (formal or law) the act of taking something that belongs to somebody else, especially without permissiondishonest appropriation of propertyThe film company sued them over their appropriation of a cartoon character.


23. across the board

involving everyone or everything in a company, an industry, etc.The industry needs more investment across the across-the-board wage increase


24. utility

[countable] a service provided for the public, for example an electricity, water or gas supplythe administration of public utilitiesRescue teams worked desperately to restore utilities in the area shattered by the hurricane.


25. vow

a formal and serious promise, especially a religious one, to do somethingto make/take a vowto break/keep a vowto break your marriage vowsNuns take a vow of chastity



26. send someone up the river

Fig. to send someone to prison. (Underworld. As done by a judge or indirectly by the police.) They tried to send me up the river, but my testimony got me off. I'm gonna send you up the river if it's the last thing I do.